Dyslexia

Texas House Bill 1886 requires districts to screen all Kindergarten and First Grade students at the end of the 2017-2018 school year. HB 1886 a) Students enrolling in public schools in this state shall be screened or tested, as appropriate, for dyslexia and related disorders at appropriate times in accordance with a program approved by the State Board of Education. The program must include screening at the end of the school year of each student in kindergarten and each student in the first grade.

 

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge. Adopted by the IDA Board, November 2002. This definition is also used by the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), 2002.

 

Dyslexia Common Risk Factors

Preschool-Third Grade:

  • Failure to understand that words are made up of parts or individual sounds
  • Difficulty learning the letter names and their corresponding sound
  • Difficulty reading single words in isolation
  • Choppy and labored reading
  • Difficulty spelling phonetically

 

  • Fourth Grade-High School:
  • History of reading and spelling difficulties
  • Difficulty reading aloud
  • Avoids reading for pleasure
  • Difficulty learning a foreign language

 

  • Post-Secondary:
  • Difficulty with spoken vocabulary
  • Difficulty completing the reading demands for multiple course requirements